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Personen: Böker, A. (Autor) 
Elbs, H. (Autor) 
Hänsel, H. (Autor) 
Knoll, A. (Autor) 
Ludwigs, S. (Autor) 
Zettl, H. (Autor) 
Zvelindovsky, A. V. (Autor) 
Sevink, G. J. A. (Autor) 
Urban, V. (Autor) 
Abetz, V. (Autor) 
Müller, A. H. E. (Autor) 
Krausch, Georg (Autor) 
Titel: Electric field induced alignment of concentrated block copolymer solutions
Quelle: Macromolecules. Bd. 36. H. 21. Washington : American Chemical Society. S. 8078 - 8087
Erscheinungsjahr:    2003
ISBN / ISSN: 0024-9297
URL der Originalveröffentlichung doi:10.1021/ma021347k
Zeitschriftenaufsatz Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Open Access:
Person der Universität:   
Einrichtung: Universitätsleitung
DDC-Sachgruppe:    Physik
ID: 11494  Universitätsbibliothek Mainz
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten unserer Inhalte Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten unserer Inhalte
Abstract: We investigate the microdomain orientation kinetics of concentrated block copolymer solutions exposed to a dc electric field by time-resolved synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering. As a model system, we use a lamellar polystyrene-b-polyisoprene block copolymer dissolved in toluene. Our results indicate two different microscopic mechanisms, i.e., nucleation and growth of domains and grain rotation. The former dominates close to the order-disorder transition, while the latter prevails under more strongly segregated conditions. This conclusion is corroborated by computer simulations based on dynamic density functional theory. The orientation kinetics follows a single-exponential behavior with characteristic time constants varying from a few seconds to some minutes depending on polymer concentration. temperature, and electric field strength. From the experimental results we deduce optimum conditions for the preparation of highly anisotropic bulk polymer samples via solvent casting in the presence of an electric field.
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