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Personen: Peitzsch, Mirko (Autor) 
Kremer, Daniel (Autor) 
Kersten, Michael (Autor) 
Titel: Microfungal alkylation and volatilization of selenium adsorbed by Goethite
Quelle: Environmental science & technology. Bd. 44. H. 1. S. 129 - 135
Erscheinungsjahr:    2010
ISBN / ISSN: 0013-936X ; 1520-5851
URL der Originalveröffentlichung doi:10.1021/es9006492
Zeitschriftenaufsatz Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Open Access:
Person der Universität:    Kersten, Michael  In UnivIS suchen 
Einrichtung: Institut für Geowissenschaften
DDC-Sachgruppe:    Geowissenschaften
ID: 15409  Universitätsbibliothek Mainz
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Abstract: Selenium adsorbed in the oxyanionic form by Fe-oxides like goethite is considered of benefit for long-term stabilization of Se-79 under near field conditions of radionuclide waste disposal sites. However, microbe-mediated volatilization of the uranium fission product Se-79 has not yet been considered for risk assessment based on the use of the water-solid distribution coefficient K-D. We have performed incubation experiments in a ternary system selenium-microbe-goethite and show that mycobiota including the common black microfungi genera Alternaria alternata are capable of volatilizing the Se even if immobilized by goethite. The microfungi were incubated in a standardized nutrient broth suspension with 10 g L-1 of the oxide target under defined conditions. Volatile organic selenium (VOSe) species formed in the head space of the culture flasks were sampled and measured directly by a cryotrapping cryofocusing gas chromatographic system coupled with ICP-MS detection (CT-CF-GC-ICP-MS). Alkylated VOSe species were found at the tens to hundreds ng m(-3) levels dominated by dimethyl selenide (DMSe) and dimethyl diselenide (DMDSe). The total amount of Me released into the 80-mL headspace volume within the 21 days of incubation was up to 1.12 +/- 0.17 nmol and 0.48 +/- 0.12 nmol for systems without and with goethite amendment respectively. Alkylation rates of up to 0.1 mu mol Se per day and g biomass cannot be neglected as a potential fission product mobilization pathway, unless the inherent radioactivity is proven to prevent any such microbial activity on the long-term. Otherwise it may lead to an onsite accumulation of Se-79 through evapoconcentration in the enclosed underground caverns.
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