Maeder, Xavier: Modelling of segment structures : boudins, bone-boudins, mullions and related single- and multiphase deformation features
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Personen: Maeder, Xavier (Autor) 
Passchier, Cornelis Willem (Autor) 
Köhn, Daniel (Autor) 
Titel: Modelling of segment structures : boudins, bone-boudins, mullions and related single- and multiphase deformation features
Quelle: Journal of structural geology. Bd. 31. H. 8. S. 817 - 830
Erscheinungsjahr:    2009
ISBN / ISSN: 0191-8141
URL der Originalveröffentlichung doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2009.05.013
Zeitschriftenaufsatz Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Open Access:
Person der Universität:    Passchier, Cornelis Willem  In UnivIS suchen ; Köhn, Daniel  In UnivIS suchen 
Einrichtung: Institut für Geowissenschaften
DDC-Sachgruppe:    Geowissenschaften
DFG-Fachgebiet: Geologie und Paläontologie
ID: 16325  Universitätsbibliothek Mainz
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Abstract: Finite element modelling has been used to simulate the development of segment structures, deformed layer segments separated by veins, such as boudins, mullions, and bone-boudins. A parameter sensitivity analysis is used to compare the influence of the nature of the flow, the relative viscosities of veins in necks and the host rock, and the initial geometry of the layer segments. Parameter fields have been determined for the relative viscosity of veins and layers, and the kinematic vorticity number of flow. Reworked segment structures can have several shapes such as bone-, bulging, shortened bone-boudins and their asymmetric equivalents such as domino- and shearband-boudin geometry. The model for asymmetric reworked segment structures is applied to such features from the Lower Ugab Metaturbidites in NW Namibia. The model suggests that these structures form where the neck veins are stronger than the boudinaged layer, with a significant simple shear component of the bulk flow. The quartz filled necks in the Lower Ugab are therefore stronger than the quartz-rich wall rock in greenschist facies where the progressive deformation occurred. Bone-boudins are usually interpreted to form in transpressional flow, but simulations of the rotation of tension gashes show that they can also form in simple shear or slightly transtensional shear flow.
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