Gutenberg Open


Personen: Gray, David R. (Autor) 
Foster, David A. (Autor) 
Goscombe, Ben (Autor) 
Passchier, Cornelis Willem (Autor) 
Trouw, Rudolph A.J. (Autor) 
Titel: 40Ar/39Ar thermochronology of the Pan-African Damara Orogen, Namibia, with implications for tectonothermal and geodynamic evolution
Quelle: Precambrian research. Bd. 150. H. 1/2. S. 49 - 72
Erscheinungsjahr:    2006
ISBN / ISSN: 0301-9268
URL der Originalveröffentlichung doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2006.07.003
Zeitschriftenaufsatz Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Open Access:
Person der Universität:    Passchier, Cornelis Willem  In UnivIS suchen 
Einrichtung: Institut für Geowissenschaften
DDC-Sachgruppe:    Geowissenschaften
DFG-Fachgebiet: Geologie und Paläontologie
ID: 16340  Universitätsbibliothek Mainz
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten unserer Inhalte Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten unserer Inhalte
Abstract: Forty-three 40Ar/39Ar step-heating experiments on white mica, biotite, hornblende and whole rocks from the Damara Orogen, Namibia revise and refine the regional perspective on cooling, exhumation, and tectonic reactivation across the orogen. These data also document post-orogenic motion on major shear zones and the thermal effects of late-syn to post-tectonic granite intrusions. These data show regional cooling through temperatures of ~300-350 °C from 545 to 520 Ma in the Central Kaoko Zone, 530-510 Ma in the Eastern Kaoko Zone, and 495-480 Ma in the Southern Zone of the Damara Belt. Discordant 40Ar/39Ar age spectra relate to (1) partial resetting of K-Ar isotopic system in micas by late-stage activity in the major Kaoko Belt shear zones such as the Purros and Three Palms Mylonite Zones, giving apparent ages of 467 ± 6, 481 ± 3 and ~492 Ma, and (2) thermal effects from granitic plutions particularly in the Ugab Domain of the Southern Kaoko Belt (500-475 Ma) and in the granite-dominated Central Zone of the Damara Belt (490-460 Ma). Phyllites of the lower grade flank regions of the orogen record apparent 40Ar/39Ar mica crystallization ages of ~517 Ma (Eastern Kaoko Zone), ~526 Ma (Northern Zone, Damara Belt), and ~568-553 Ma (Southern Foreland Zone, Damara Belt). The Southern Foreland samples, however, are maximum ages, due to variable influence of detrital mica. Rates of cooling vary between zones within the Kaoko Belt. In the Central Kaoko Belt hornblende, biotite and white mica apparent 40Ar/39Ar ages are similar, suggestive of rapid cooling through the 300-550 °C temperature range, whereas in the Orogen Core or Western Kaoko Belt hornblende and biotite apparent ages are older than the white mica ages, because the white micas record the reactivation of the main structures. These data support models of diachronous deformation and metamorphism of the component parts of the orogen, and suggest that Pan-African orogenesis in the Damara is broadly bracketed between 580 and 500 Ma with final movements through 480 Ma, and spans through the terminal amalgamation of Gondwana in the Kuunga Orogeny through the initiation of subduction under the Gondwana continental margin.
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