Gutenberg Open


Personen: Ashayeri, Nasrin Yavar (Autor) 
Keshavarzi, Behnam (Autor) 
Moore, Farid (Autor) 
Kersten, Michael (Autor) 
Yazdi, Mohammad (Autor) 
Lahijanzadeh, Ahmad Reza (Autor) 
Titel: Presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Sediments and Surface water from Shadegan wetland - Iran : a focus on source apportionment, human and ecological risk assessment and sediment-water exchange
Quelle: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety. Bd. 148. Amsterdam : Elsevier. S. 1054 - 1066
Erscheinungsjahr:    2018
ISBN / ISSN: 0147-6513
URL der Originalveröffentlichung doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.11.055
Zeitschriftenaufsatz Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Sprache: Englisch
Open Access:
Person der Universität:    Kersten, Michael  In UnivIS suchen 
Einrichtung: Institut für Geowissenschaften
DDC-Sachgruppe:    Geowissenschaften
DFG-Fachgebiet: Wasserforschung
ID: 57720  Universitätsbibliothek Mainz
Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten unserer Inhalte Informationen zu den Nutzungsrechten unserer Inhalte
Abstract: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contamination in aquatic system is of concern since it may constitute a sink of these contaminants for a wetland ecosystem. We investigated pollution characteristics and ecological risks of PAHs by sampling contaminated sediments and water from the Shadegan wetland in Khuzestan province, south-west Iran. Concentrations of total PAHs in water and sediment samples varied from 42±2.3 – 136±7.5 ng/L and 10±0.5 – 317±14 µg/kg, respectively. Source apportionment of PAHs by two approaches (principal component analysis-multiple linear regression (PCA-MLR) and molecular isomeric ratios of specific PAHs) indicated impact of potential anthropogenic PAH sources including oil spill and incomplete combustion, bulrush combustion, vehicular exhaust and fishing boat emissions. PAHs concentration were evaluated with sediments quality guidelines based on the effect range low values/effects range-median values (ERL/ERM) and the threshold effect levels/probable effect levels (TEL/PEL). Also, a risk quotient (RQ) was elaborated for evaluation of potential toxic effects on aquatic ecosystem. Our data showed relatively insignificant adverse impact for most individual compounds. The toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ) was also calculated to estimate PAHs toxicity. TEQ value of PAHs (1.9 µg/kg) was much lower than the safe level (600 µg/kg). The fugacity fraction approach was applied to explain the trend of the selected PAHs for sediment-water exchange, which showed that the fluxes for most priority PAHs were from water to sediment suggesting no secondary source impact.
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